Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations

An Interactive 5 - Day Training Course

Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations

How to Design Safe and Reliable T&D Networks

Classroom Dates
12 - 16 Aug 2024
16 - 20 Dec 2024
17 - 21 Feb 2025
31 Mar - 04 Apr 2025
21 - 25 Apr 2025
Online Dates
16 - 20 Dec 2024
17 - 21 Feb 2025

This Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations training course has been designed to provide a good understanding of power system concepts, theories, parameters, and the way such information is analyzed by means of equations, curves, diagrams, and tables.

This training course is in fact a quick review on electrical engineering principles and focuses on the technical specifications, operation, and behaviour of power system main equipment such as power transformers, distribution transformers, switchgears, circuit breakers, earthing switches, auto-reclosers, transmission lines, busbars, and protection and control systems.

Nowadays, the significant trend in load increase in industrial centres, shopping malls, and residential areas requires upgrading and enlargement of power systems and utility grids. This can be achieved by designing highly reliable busbar configurations, interconnecting transmission lines, zone substations, and distribution centres, and also by expanding power plants and embedded generation facilities in appropriate locations.

As a result, the operation decisions and switching regimes of power networks are continually becoming more complex due to the complicated load flow patterns, complex protection schemes, modern digital technology, and the numerous scenarios for power flow and load dispatch which must be decided upon by system operators and network managers.

Therefore, maintaining power performance criteria such as reliability, voltage stability, and frequency stability would be of utmost importance in a reliable power system. In other words, by gaining a good knowledge about how system parameters would change under different system operation modes, or different loading, or switching, one can better understand the behaviour of the power system (which is under study); as such the response of the system to different switching scenarios and setting changes would be more predictable.

This Energy Training Centre training course will highlight:

  • Power system parameters
  • Power flow equations
  • Transmission lines design and operation
  • Power & distribution transformers
  • Distribution system configurations and design
  • Switchgear types and construction
  • HV cable sizing and coefficient factors
  • Power system protection

At the end of this Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations training course, you will learn how to:

  • Model a power system by means of system parameters
  • Create different load flow scenarios through different switching regimes
  • How to analyze and interpret the response of the power system to different scenarios
  • How to modify the power system behaviour in an area by enhancing system parameters
  • Create and analyze protection curves to achieve coordination between different bays

This Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations training course will be presented by means of power point slides through which all the required theory and equations will be provided. This training course also includes case studies where the participants are required to take part in class activities including system analysis, calculations, relay settings, etc. The instructor will also use training videos for better understanding of the participants. The participants will be progressively assessed during the training course via quizzes, questions, assignments, and worked examples.

On successful completion, the organizational impact would be:

  • Develop a structured approach to selection of voltage levels and loadability of transmission systems
  • Determine minimum technical requirements to achieve transmission reliability & stability
  • Learn about the effects of major power disturbances on transmission systems and their solutions
  • Practice on distribution system design calculations and safety precautions
  • Correct selection of O/H conductors and U/G cables

Participants from different sectors of engineering companies will enormously benefit from this Transmission & Distribution Operation & Design Calculations training course because they will become quite familiar with:

  • Mathematical approach to the interpretation and analysis of system disturbances
  • Design, operation, and protection of distribution and transmission systems
  • Installation & construction switchgears and transformers
  • Power system switching & operation together with proposed solutions
  • Protection coordination, selectivity, sensitivity, and stability

We encourage the staff involved in the operation, planning, design, and maintenance of power systems to attend this training course. This is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:

  • Project Engineers / Managers
  • Electrical Engineers / Technicians
  • System Operators
  • Design Engineers
  • Asset Engineers / Managers
  • Planning Engineers / Managers
  • Protection, Instrumentation, and Commissioning Engineers / Technicians

Day One: Transmission System Design Considerations

  • AC Transmission
  • Grid Network Features
  • Transmission Security
  • Building-up Impedance Models
  • Complex Power Definitions
  • Power Factor
  • Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Techniques
  • Shunt Reactor Compensation
  • Minimum Clearance Distances
  • Line Voltage Drop
  • Electrical Loads Types and Behaviour
  • Single Wire Earth Return (SWER)
  • Balanced 3-phase System
  • Unbalanced 3-phase Systems
  • Symmetrical Components
  • Sequence Networks
  • Wye-connected & Delta-connected Loads
  • Voltage Regulation
  • Power Angle & Power Transfer
  • Steady State Stability Limit
  • Transmission Line Terms (span, sag, cross arm, clearance)
  • Transmission Line Surge Impedance and Propagation
  • Overhead Line Conductors (AAC, AAAC, ACSR)
  • Bundles Conductors
  • Overhead Line Insulators
  • Line Supporting Structure (wood & concrete poles, towers)
  • Power Transfer Capability, Current Carrying Capacity
  • Transmission Line Loadability

Day Two: Transformers & Switchgears

  • Transformer Theory
  • Transformer Construction
  • Transformer Cooling
  • Transformer Voltage Control
  • Power Transformers vs. Distribution Transformers
  • Transformer Installation
  • Transformer Fire Protection
  • Air Blast Circuit Breakers
  • Bulk Oil & Minimum Oil Circuit Breakers
  • SF6 Circuit Breakers
  • Vacuum Circuit Breakers
  • Circuit Breaker Ratings
  • Auto-reclosers
  • Switchgear Options
  • Outdoor & Indoor MV Switchgear
  • MV Switchgear Panel Configurations & Auxiliary Devices
  • MV Switchgear Ratings
  • LV Molded Case Circuit Breaker (MCCB)
  • LV Miniature Circuit Breaker (MCB)

Day Three: Distribution System Design Considerations

  • Load Models
  • Typical Characteristics of An Industrial Distribution System
  • Distribution System Types and Components
  • Electrical Safety & Power Security
  • Voltage Classification
  • Multiple Voltage Levels in Power Distribution
  • Distribution Configurations and Redundancy
  • Distribution Expandability
  • Distribution System Planning
  • Electricity Demand & Future Growth
  • Equipment Sizing / Ratings
  • HV Power Cables Types & Sizing
  • Selection of Appropriate Equipment
  • System Studies & Software Packages
  • Embedded (in-plant) Generation
  • Parallel Operation of Utility with Embedded Generation
  • Integrating Embedded Generation with Plant Distribution

Day Four: Power System Analysis Techniques and Calculations

  • Transmission Line Self and Mutual Inductances
  • Transmission Line Transposition
  • Transmission Line Modeling (short, medium, long)
  • Transmission Line ABCD Parameters
  • Lossless Line
  • Complex Power Flow (single-phase analysis)
  • Complex Power Flow (3-phase analysis)
  • Bus Admittance Matrix (Ybus)
  • Bus Impedance Matrix (Zbus)
  • Power Flow Terms and Equations
  • Geometric Mean Distance (GMD)
  • Geometric Mean Radius (GMR)
  • Swing (slack) Bus, Load (PQ) Bus, Voltage Controlled (PV) Bus
  • Network Nodal Analysis
  • Iterative Solutions to Linear Equations
  • Gauss-Seidel Iterative Solution
  • Newton-Raphson Iterative Solution

Day Five: Power System Protection, Stability, and Switching

  • Protection Objectives
  • Protection Sensitivity, Stability, and Reliability
  • Main & Backup Protection
  • Symmetrical & Asymmetrical Faults
  • Power System Stability
  • Impacts of Electric Faults
  • Fuse Protection
  • Circuit Breaker Protection
  • Relay Protection (types, functions, construction, technology)
  • Trip Circuit Supervision (TCS)
  • Per Unit (PU) System
  • Fault Calculations
  • Protection Zones & Overlap
  • Short Circuit Capacity (SCC)
  • Balanced 3-phase Fault
  • Unbalanced Single-Phase-to-Ground Fault
  • Unbalanced Phase-to-Phase Fault
  • Unbalanced Phase-to-Phase-to-Ground Fault
  • Fault Indicator
  • Overcurrent Protection
  • Earth Fault Protection
  • Lightning Protection

We offer two main training formats to cater to different preferences and needs: 

  • Classroom Training Delivery – Our traditional classroom-based training courses provide a face-to-face learning experience with subject matter experts. You’ll benefit form in-person interactions, hands-on exercises, and a structured classroom environment.
  • Online Training Delivery – We also offer convenient live/online training courses that you can access from anywhere with a stable internet connection. These courses provided flexibility and allow you to learn anywhere, making them suitable for busy schedules or remote learning.

The Energy Training Centre Certificate of Completion with corresponding learning hours who has successfully completed the training course.

Yes, we provide assistance by issuing a Letter of Invitation stating that you are confirmed to attend our training.

We value transparency and are happy to provide our instructor’s profiles upon request. If you would like to learn more about our instructor’s’ qualifications, expertise, and experiences, please email us at

Yes, we do. We provide tailored training courses designed to meet the specific requirement of larger group of individuals. These customized training courses can be conducted both classroom and online formats, allowing you the flexibility to choose you preferred dates and duration.

Please contact us at to discuss your group’s training needs, and we’ll work with you to create a personalized training course that aligns with your objectives.

We have multiple international training venues. You may find this through our website link: 

Our training courses are held at our partnered hotels within the city included within our training

Yes, here are the following options we can offer to assist you:

  • Corporate Discount – We can extend our corporate discount to participants staying at the same hotel, if we have any. Please enquire about the availability of this discount when you register for the training course.
  • Nearby Hotel Suggestions – If you prefer other accommodations, we can provide a list of nearby hotels to suit your needs and budget.

Feel free to go through hotel booking platforms on the internet to find the most cost-effective for you.

No, we do not provide job placement services after the training course. However, we are confident that our training course equips you with the necessary tools and knowledge to enhance you career prospects and promote career growth. Our training course are designed to empower you with valuable skills and expertise to excel in your chosen field.

  • Tuition fee for a 5-day training course
  • Provision of a world-class subject matter expert to deliver this training
  • Meeting at a hotel venue corresponding to your chosen session
  • Welcome food and drinks, AM / PM snack, and Lunch
  • Digital course materials (e-Tablet)
  • Course completion certificates
  • Designing and administration of Pre-& Post Course Assessments
  • Preparation of participant’s Performance and Appraisal Report, if required
  • Issuance of Letter of Invitation for delegates needed visa processing, if required
  • Tuition fee for a 5-day online training course
  • Provision of a world-class subject matter expert to deliver this training through live/virtual delivery
  • An electronic copy of the training manual and relevant hand-outs
  • Issuance of The Energy Training Centre e-Certificate of Completion
  • Administration of Pre-& Post Workshop Assessments
  • Link access of online platform acceptable to both parties

Certainly, we do provide corporate rates tailored for organizations seeking to enrol multiple employees in our training programs. To facilitate this, we encourage you to make a formal request via email addressed to We’ll be delighted to discuss and offer a suitable arrangement for your corporate needs.

Yes, special discounts are available upon request if you have more than one registrant for a course. For further information please email us at

We offer two convenient payment options:

  • Bank Transfer – You can make payment via bank transfer. Once your registration is confirmed, you will receive an invoice with the banking details for the transfer. We would require you to supply a swift copy for us to confirm receipt of funds.
  • Payment Link – Alternatively, we provide a secure payment link that you can use to complete your payment after your registration has been confirmed.

Upon receipt of your registration details sent via email at, we will send you the following by e-mail within 24-48 hours of registration.

  • Joining Instructions
  • Invoice/receipt (where appropriate)

 If you register online, you will receive an e-mail on the same day confirming your registration.

There are two convenient options to register for a training course:

  • Online Registration Form – Register for your desired training course by completing the online registration form available on our website. Simple click on the registration button or select your preferred dates and provide the requested information.
  • Email Registration – You can email us your intention to register at Our team will guide you through the registration process and provide assistance you may need.

Yes, we do allow registration transfers in the event that you are unable to attend the training course. To initiate a transfer, please send us an official email requesting the change. We’ll guide you through the transfer process and ensure a smooth transition of your registration to another eligible participant.

Our training course sessions are scheduled and posted on our website for your convenience. However, we understand that there may be specific requirement for your group. If you have a preferred venue and specific training dates in mind, please feel free to propose them to us by clicking on the button “Propose you preferred location & date” of your preferred training course.

Our course timings slightly vary between the cities we offer our training courses. Please let us know of your preferred course and session (dates/venue) through email at Alternatively, you may call/WhatsApp us at +971 50 746 0956.

We understand that time zones may be different between our Senior Consultants and our delegates. Our standard online course timings (11:00 AM to 4:00 PM, GMT+4 – Dubai, UAE) may be adjusted upon confirming the programme. Our team shall communicate between the confirmed registered delegates and suggested a suitable course timing for all.

Our standard course duration for our classroom programmes is 6 hours per day while our online session is 5 hours per day.

Our training programmes are designed to be concise yet comprehensive, focusing on professional development. The duration varies based on the specific course content and objectives – we normally offer programmes between 5 – 10 days. However, our emphasis lies in delivering interactive and engaging sessions that prioritize depth of learning within a condensed timeframe. This approach ensures participants acquire substantial knowledge and skills efficiently.

We have been assessed by TUV Rheinland Middle East FZE and comply with Quality Management System standards – ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 29993:2017, ensuring a commitment to quality and excellence in our operations and services.

Our training courses span across diverse industries, encompassing sectors such as but not limited to:

  • Power & Utilities
  • Oil & Gas
  • Financial Institutions
  • Government and Regulatory bodies
  • Manufacturing & Production Industry

Our commitment lies in continuously refining and expanding our training course offerings to align with evolving industry landscapes. We encourage individuals to explore our website or engage with our dedicated support team for the latest information on available courses, ensuring access to the most pertinent and current educational resources.

Yes, Energy Training Centre is an ILM Recognised Provider (ID# 002398B), authorized to register learners and offer training courses recognized by ILM. Participants seeking ILM Recognised Certification would need to complete an assessment post the ILM Recognised courses. ILM is a renowned provider of leadership and management qualifications, part of the City and Guilds Group. Additionally, our company is a CPD Certified Training Company, ensuring our commitment to continuous professional development standards.